Scientific name of it is Cymbopogon Citratus or Andropogon citratus.
It is a plant genus of the family Poaceae & belongs to Species C.Citratus
It is also named as lemon grass, lemongrass, Ginger Grass, barbed wire grass, silky heads, citronella grass, cha de Dartigalongue, fever grass, tanglad, hierba Luisa, or gavati chahapati.
- East Indian lemon grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus), also called Cochin grass or Malabar grass, is native to Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, and Thailand.
- West Indian lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) is native to South Asia and maritime Southeast Asia.
- In India Lemon Grass is widely grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, In the southern region, parts of UP and Assam in the north-eastern region and Uttaranchal in the northern region.
- Lemon Grass thrives well in wide range of soils ranging from rich loamy to poor late rite. But sandy loam soil and red soils with good drainage and good organic matter is best suited for its cultivation.
- It is perennial plant with thin and long green leaves.
- It grow to about 2 m (6.6 ft) and have magenta-colored base stems.
- It smells just like lemons, but it is milder, sweeter, and far less sour.
Oil is extracted through the process of steam distillation of dried lemongrass leaves.
- The main constituents of lemongrass are myrcene, citronellal, geranyl acetate, nerol, geraniol, neral, limonene, citral, geraniol and beta-Caryophyllene.
- It is stable at room temperature in closed container.
The remedial properties of Lemongrass are antiseptic, anti-rheumatic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, analgesic, sedative, deodorant, galactogogue, nervine, tonic, carminative, antimicrobial, antidepressant, febrifuge, bactericidal, fungicidal, deodorant, antipyretic and nervine.
- Apperance : Dark green colored leaves
- Odor : Heavy Lemon Like Odor.
- Citral content (By GC) : Min. 76%.
- Relieves Pain and Heals Wound : Lemongrass essential oil helps relieve pain in muscles and joints, as well as toothaches and headaches resulting from viral infections like coughs, colds, influenza, fevers, and various poxes.
- Reduces Depression : Lemongrass oil boosts self-esteem, confidence, hope, and mental strength, and it uplifts spirits and fights depression as well.
- Inhibits Microbial Growth : Lemongrass has antimicrobial properties which make it an inhibitor of microbial and bacterial growth in the body, both internally and externally.
- Lowers Fever : This oil can bring down fever when it is tending to reach dangerous levels.
- Astringent Property : The fact that lemongrass is an astringent helps in a different way too. It promotes contraction of gums, hair follicles, muscles, skin, and blood vessels, thereby preventing loosening and falling of teeth, hair loss, and it reduces the flow of blood through the vessels. Some of these properties can be life-saving, so it is an essential astringent.
- Deodorant : Lemongrass oil is far better than many of the synthetic deodorants that are a big expense, a heavy impact on the environment, and have limited lasting effects.
- Stimulates Urination : Lemongrass oil increases the frequency of urination.Urination also promotes digestion and inhibits the formation of excess gas. It removes excess water from the body and reduces swelling.The most important contribution of this oil is that it removes toxins from the body.
- Suppresses Appetite: Lemongrass oil helps bring down the fever by battling the infections. AlsoIt helps to cure fungal infections
- Promotes Lactation : It is a substance that increases the formation of milk in the breasts. It also enhances the quality of the milk.
- Kills Insects : It is quite popular as an insect repellent due to its insecticidal properties. It kills insects and also keeps them away.
- Cures Nervous Disorders : Lemongrass essential oil acts as a tonic for the nerves and the nervous system in general. It helps cure many nervous disorders such as shaking hands or limbs, nervousness, vertigo, Alzheimer’s disease, and Parkinson’s disease.
- Sedative Effect : It has great soothing, sedating and calming effects on the mind, cures inflammations, itching of skin and it relieves tension and anxiety.
- Act as Tonic : Lemon grass oil is a tonic in a very clear sense. It tones all the systems functioning in the body, such as the respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system, and excretory system, and facilitates absorption of nutrients into the body, thus providing strength and boosting the immune system.
- As a medicinal plant, lemongrass has been considered a carminative and insect repellent.
- It is used in herbal teas and other nonalcoholic beverages in baked goods, and in confections.
- Lemongrass Oil produced from partially dried lemongrass is widely used as a fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics, such as soaps and creams.
- Citral, extracted from the oil, is used in flavoring soft drinks in scenting soaps and detergents, as a fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics, and as a mask for disagreeable odors in several industrial products.
- Source of lemongrass oil used to flavor teas, ice cream, candy, pastries, desserts and chewing gum.
- It can be used instead of the classic lemongrass (Thai) in culinary dishes.
- The Lemongrass Oil is used in perfume, makeup, soap, hair products, cleaner, antifungal agents, incense, and potpourri.
- Lemongrass oil revitalizes the body and relieves the symptoms of jetlag, clears headaches and helps to combat nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions.