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Product Details




BOTANICAL NAME: Capsicum annuum L.

FAMILY: Solanaceae

CAS Number:68150-19-4

Native Place: Central and South America

Our Features
  • Eco product
  • 100% organic
  • High quality


Capsicum annuum is a flowering plant known for its pungent fruits commonly called peppers. Cultivated varieties range from bell peppers with minimal heat to fiery cayenne peppers. The heat sensation arises from the active compound capsaicin, concentrated in the placenta and seeds. Capsaicin exhibits numerous bioactive properties with potential health benefits. Traditionally, Capsicum annuum has been used in medicine and food preservation. Today, it is a major agricultural crop and valued culinary spice worldwide. Bell peppers are rich in vitamins C and A, while chili peppers are potent antioxidants. Capsaicin is being investigated for its role in pain management, weight loss, and cancer prevention. Topical capsaicin is used in creams for muscle pain and joint inflammation. Overconsumption of chili peppers can cause irritation and digestive discomfort.


  • Analgesic: Capsaicin desensitizes pain receptors, potentially alleviating various pain conditions. 
  • Anti-inflammatory: Capsaicin exhibits anti-inflammatory effects, potentially beneficial for  arthritis and related conditions. 
  • Metabolic: Capsaicin may increase thermogenesis and energy expenditure, potentially  aiding weight management. 
  • Antioxidant: Capsaicin and other phenolic compounds possess antioxidant properties,  potentially protecting against cellular damage. 
  • Cardiovascular: Capsaicin may contribute to improved blood flow and potentially reduce  the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Botanical Description:

  • Herbaceous annual plant reaching 0.5-1.5 meters in height. 
  • Alternate, ovate leaves with entire margins. 
  • White, star-shaped flowers borne singly or in pairs. 
  • Berry-like fruits (peppers) with varying shapes, sizes, and colors. 
  • Pungency concentrated in the placenta and seeds, absent in the flesh.

Chemical Constituents:

  • Capsaicinoids: Primary pungent compounds, including capsaicin (most abundant), dihydro capsaicin, and norcapsaicin. 
  • Carotenoids: Responsible for the vibrant colors of many pepper varieties, including  beta-carotene (vitamin A precursor). 
  • Phenolic acids: Exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. 
  • Flavonoids: Contribute to color and possess potential health benefits. 

Disclaimer: This information is intended for educational purposes only and should not be con- strued as medical advice. Always consult a healthcare professional before making any changes to your diet or using any plant-based products for medicinal purposes.